Optimizing a Paper Minecraft Server

For those in our Discord, we have a community Minecraft server that is available for everyone to play on. I recently noticed when I was near my redstone builds and players were all in different areas of the game that the server became a bit laggy, even though the server specifications are well above what is required for a lag free experience.

I went online to try and find some optimization guides but it seems that a lot of them were dated. Paper is already highly optimized, but there’s actually a few settings you need to change to make Paper run really well for you.

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The Critical Optimizations for Paper

The first one is going to be going to your paper-world-defaults.yml and going to find:

redstone-implementation: VANILLA

you’ll want to change that to:

redstone-implementation: alternate-current

There’s another engine you can use called eigencraft. You can use that as well. Looking at the two, alternate-current seems to be the more modern choice.

This is going to drastically increase the performance of your server. Redstone builds can be huge drains on server performance and this allows players to do whatever with redstone without it hampering other players’ experience.

Other Optimizations

There are a few other tweaks you can make that actually have an impact:

keep-spawn-loaded: false

turn to false if you have a lot of redstone at spawn or reduce the keep-spawn-loaded-range to exclude your redstone builds. Alternatively, move spawn away from your redstone builds.

disable-chest-cat-detection: true

This actually helps A LOT as more and more chests are added to the world.

container-update: 2
grass-spread: 2
mob-spawner: 2

Don’t go above 4, but setting these to two really helped my server’s TPS stats!

cooldown-when-full: true
disable-move-event: true
ignore-occluding-blocks: false

That also helped! Redstone builds love hoppers and having the hoppers use less resources helps a lot.

That’s it for what helped with lag. There’s a setting to stop a player if a chunk isn’t loaded, but players who are zooming with fly on don’t happen. These changes drastically reduced the CPU load on the server.

Checking Your Stats

You’ll want to use a plugin called: spark.

Type /spark tps to see your servers lag stats.

Type /spark profiler to go online and see everything you could ever want to see about stats.

This helps immensely in identifying rogue plugins that are using too much CPU or memory. It can help you locate the issue and find what’s lagging your server out. Some plugins, like dynmap, can really be a burden.

David Piner, an accomplished video game journalist since 2001, excels in developing comprehensive guides and engaging content to enrich the gaming experience. As the esteemed former Managing Editor at TTH (as David "Xerin" Piner) for over a decade, David established a strong reputation for his perceptive analysis, captivating content, and streamlined guides. Having led skilled teams of writers and editors, David has been instrumental in producing an extensive collection of articles, reviews, and guides tailored to both casual and hardcore gamers aiming to enhance their skills. Dedicated to player-centric content, David meticulously crafts guides and articles with the players' interests in mind. He is a proud member of OUT Georgia and fervently champions equity and equality across all spheres.